In Book Five, Athena said to Zeus, “Now he’s left to pine on an island, racked with grief in the nymph Calypso’s house – she holds him there by force. He has no way to voyage home to his own native land, no trim ships in reach, no crew to ply the oars and send him scudding over the sea’s broad back”
Discussion Questions for The Odyssey Books 1, 2, 5, 9 and beyond: What are Odysseus’s most striking attributes? How do we know this? What evidence is there in the text? Who functions as foils for Odysseus? Who brings into the light his most significant personality traits? What part of the hero’s journey is Odysseus on in Book 5? In Book 9?
The Odyssey Book 5. Dawn rises the next day and Athena addresses Zeus about the suffering of Odysseus on Calypso's island. She tells him it is not right that no one in Ithaca remembers Zeus while the suitors plot to kill Telemachus. Zeus replies: "My child, what odd complaints you let escape you. Have you not, you yourself, arranged this matter-
The Odyssey, Book 5. Ἠὼς δ' ἐκ λεχέων παρ' ἀγαυοῦ Τιθωνοῖο. ὤρνυθ', ἵν' ἀθανάτοισι φόως φέροι ἠδὲ βροτοῖσιν: οἱ δὲ θεοὶ θῶκόνδε καθίζανον, ἐν δ' ἄρα τοῖσι. Ζεὺς ὑψιβρεμέτης, οὗ τε κράτος ἐστὶ...